Apache development was started in early 1995. It was the most popular WebServer in 2009.
Apache is free software that is developed and maintained by a community and can run on a variety of operating systems.
- Process Driven Approach
- Apache creates a new thread for each request
There are three main Apache MPM. They are,
- Process (pre-form) MPM
- Worker MPM
- Event MPM
Nginx is mainly used as an alternative for Apache Webserver in order to overcome the limitations of Apache. Nginx’s scalability has improved thanks to its event-driven architecture.
It has major features of performance, is lightweight and scalable.
An Approach Based on Events Within thread one, Nginx handles numerous requests.
Why Nginx is better than Apache?
Performance is primarily described as the server’s ability to transmit large amounts of data to the client’s browser.
This content can be static (or) Dynamic content.
Any content that may be supplied to the user without being edited (or) processed is referred to as static content.
Nginx runs faster than Apache and consumes less memory. Based on the Benchmark test Nginx is 2.5 times around faster than Apache and less memory using around 4%.
So, in the situation of serving a large volume of static material, Nginx can be used to serve static content faster than Apache; otherwise, Apache can be used.
b) Dynamic Content
Web material that varies based on user preferences and interactions is known as dynamic content.
According to the findings of Speedemy’s benchmark tests, Apache and Nginx can perform similarly throughout because their PHP runtimes are identical. Apache processes the dynamic content directly and delivers the results to the users.
In case Nginx is designed to works with separate programs, such as Fast CGI (or) WebSphere to allow dynamic content.
2. Operating System Support
RHEL, Solaris, Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (32-bit), 2008 (64-bit), Ubuntu, SUSE Linux 9. X, Debian 4. X, and IBM Power Systems are all supported by Apache.
Nginx can be installed on Alpine Linux, Amazon Linux, Amazon Linux 2, CentOS, Debian, Free BSD, Oracle Linux, RHEL, SUSE, Ubuntu.
Both Apache and Nginx provide several security features like SSL Encryption etc.
4. Feature Modules
For Apache there is 60 official dynamically locates modules that can be turned on/off.
In the case of Nginx, there is 60 official dynamically loadable ones.
5) Distributed Configuration
Apache allows additional configuration on a per-directory way through the .ht access file.
Nginx doesn’t allow additional configuration.
Apache uses dynamic modules for web server customization.
Nginx isn’t very adaptable when it comes to dynamic modules and loading.
There are times when we should use Nginx instead of Apache as a web server.
- Fast static content processing
- High traffic websites
We can utilise Nginx and Apache together in a server, with Nginx acting as a server proxy in front of Apache.
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